Jacques
THIBAUD

1880 - 1953

Biographie

The violonist Jacques Thibaud was born in 1880 in Bordeaux. Before beginning a solo career, he was an orchestra violinist, conducted by Édouard Colonne.

Friend and follower of Eugène Ysaÿe (who wrote him his Second Sonata), Jacques Thibaud personifies the classical French violonist whose playing is both elegant and enchanting. A remarkable performer of Mozart, he was one of the members of a memorable trio including the cellist Pablo Casals and the pianist Alfred Cortot.

Owing to the contest which he founded in 1943 with Marguerite Long, Jacques Thibaud also devoted himself to a teaching career in l'École normale de Musique and l'Académie Chighiana de Sienne. He died in 1953 in a plane crash, going to Japan. His 1720 Stradivarius perished with him.

In memoriam René Herbin

Bibliography

  • J.-P. Dorian : Un violon parle, souvenirs de Jacques Thibaud, éd. Le Blé qui lève, Paris/Lausanne/Montréal, 1947. (This book was published in Italian in 1946 with the title Il magico violino.)
  • Christian Goubault : Jacques Thibaud (1880-1953), violoniste français (discography by Gérald Drieu), Honoré Champion, 1988.
  • Jean-Luc Tingaud : Cortot-Thibaud-Casals, un trio, trois solistes, Josette Lyon, coll. "Les interprètes créateurs". 

Furthermore, the Revue Musicale devoted its 245th issue completely to the Long-Thibaud competition.

Discography

From 1905, he records for the Société française de phonotypie several short pieces ; among them : the "Méditation" from Thaïs by Massenet, le Cygne by Saint-Saëns or Sérénité by Vieuxtemps. His first recordings with orchestra have been made in 1916 (Introduction et Rondo capriccioso by Saint-Saëns) for the records Pathéphone. In 1926, for the first time, Jacques Thibaud, Pablo Casals and Alfred Cortot met together for a Schubert-Beethoven program.

1940 is the year of the first recording with Marguerite Long (Second Quartett with piano by Fauré) with Maurice Vieux and Pierre Fournier.

Jacques Thibaud will be sometimes conductor. He accompanies Michèle Auclair in 1943, the year of ther prize, in theFirst Concerto for violin by Haydn.

The two last recordings of Jacques Thibaud were made in January 1953, year of his death : the Concerto for violin by Beethoven, played by Henryk Szeryng, and the one of Brahms, played by Jacques Thibaud with the Orchestre des Concerts Pasdeloup, conducted by Jean Fournet.

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